Friday, May 28, 2021

How to clone a git branch

These notes are for Centos Linux version 7 (git 1.8) and 8 (git 2.7). 

Git is used as a repository to maintain source codes. Its advantage is in being able to manage source codes and files in a distributed way. This allow each one author to have the history and control of the source codes and files that are in their own access. 

A repository is commonly stored at a server and is accessed commonly through secure shell (SSH) or web (HTTP, HTTPS). Programmers, testers and others may clone (make a copy) of the repository OR a branch of the repository to their local machine.

Example of the command to clone by SSH where the username is git, the server URL is 

git clone

When a repository is created, it is common to have the default branch name "master". From there, source code for development or testing is created in a new branch. 
git branch listing

Example it can be name by functionality "customer-feature". From that branch, another new branch can even be created, for example "customer-view".

git checkout -b customer-feature
git checkout -b customer-view

To switch between branches, use the command checkout

git checkout customer-feature

Then this new branch can be added to the repository with the option "-u".

git push -u origin customer-feature

Further changes to the branch can be easily added to the repository with the command

git push origin customer-feature

Most of the commands listed here should require administration rights.


yum install git
dnf install git

Clone the whole repository

git clone

cd laraveljsonapi

Then list the branches in local and at remote server.

git branch -a

View activity at remote branch

git remote show origin

Clone a branch from repository

Start from a directory where the branch should be created.

git clone -b customer-feature

cd customer-feature

View log activity of that branch

git log

Thursday, March 11, 2021

Backup Postgresql Database

Here are the basic steps to backup and restore Postgresql database. At this point of writing, I am using Postgresql 10 and 11 on Centos Linux 8. 

In this article, backup database is inventory_system and restore of the backup is to another database that I will call cupboard.

Singles Database

Step 1: Login as postgres user

su - postgres


sudo su postgres -

Step 2: Dump the database content to a file using the tool pg_dump

pg_dump inventory_system >  inventory_system-20210312.bak

or when database is located at IP with port 5432

pg_dump -h -p 5432 inventory_system >  inventory_system-20210312.bak

Step 3: Create the new database

createdb cupboard

Step 4: Restore the database file with psql

psql cupboard <  inventory_system-20210312.bak

On MS Windows 10 prompt that is provided through Laragon, the postgres user login is required

pg_dump -U postgres cm2020_1 > test.bak

Schedule backup

Cron job is suitable to automate the backup process mentioned above. To schedule a cron job, use the command

crontab -e

Then save the following instruction to run at midnight of every Saturday

0 0 * * 6 pg_dump -U postgres inventory_system > ~/postgres/backups/inventory_system-20210312.bak

Save and exit from the text editor.

Refer to Cron activities in the file /var/log/cron

For automated backup, there is a good note with the scripts at Postgresql wiki.

Sunday, February 28, 2021

Raspberry Pi display problems

Having successfully installed a new Raspberry Pi with Raspbian OS, it is common that the next reboot the screen display just leaves a blank screen. You just know its the display setting run when at the boot screen the system messages can be seen.

Firstly, the most important file you must know is the /boot/config.txt

This contains many configuration, that require the file to be save and RPi to be restarted. 

If your display is working, but the resolution is wrong, then access the start menu And look for Configuration, or directly access the resolution setting, type 


When the display is a touch screen, it would be a good idea to install a virtual keyboard. Do this by

sudo apt install florence

Back to troubleshooting a display that's not showing. Always check your display is powered, and that system messages appear at boot before proceeding here.

Step 1.

Ensure RPi is connected to your local network, then SSH to your RPi. On MS Windows there is a software named Putty. 

Step 2. 

Determine your device supported resolutions. Use either of following commands;

tvservice -m CEA

tvservice -m DMT

Depending on whether you are connected to a TV (CEA) or computer monitor (DMT). Generally, a TV with VGA cable will use CEA. 

Step 3.

Edit the file /boot/config.txt

Use the settings identified in Step 2. If you are using CEA then the value of hdmi_group=1,

if its DMT then hdmi_group=2. 

Eg 1. when connected to a monitor with resolution 1280×720 and frequency 60Hz, these are the settings;




Eg 2. when connected to a TV through HDMI with resolution 640x480 and frequency 60Hz. Since the TV have a standard HDMI connector, hdmi_safe will be commented out. These are the settings;




Reference: Raspberry site

Thursday, February 18, 2021

How to alter Postgresql table owner

 All this while I have been changing table owners individually in a specific schema. One fine day, there was a requirement to transfer all tables to another owner without changing the database ownership.

The existing tables where having owner as "postgres", but to allow other application to access, a separate user is created and allowed access. Here is how its done to assign the user;

\c mydatabase;

ALTER TABLE public.users OWNER TO contractors;

In the case where ALL tables are to have a new owner, then following can be done

select 'ALTER TABLE ' || table_name || ' OWNER TO contractors;' from information_schema.tables where table_schema = 'public' \gexec ;

Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Select Query with JSON column in Postgresql

 Recently I encountered a problem to use JSONB type column with Reportserver and log it in their forum. Since I have made the example, why not post it here? 

Here is an example to use JSONB type column in Postgresql 10 and newer.

Step 1: Create the sample database

CREATE TABLE public.products (
    "name" varchar NOT NULL,
    "product" jsonb NULL

Step 2: Add sample data

id|name       |product                                                               |
1|Orange bod |[{"id": 18, "name": "Orange Gala", "value": "1Bll-1-99-aaa"}]         |
2|Chicken Pie|[{"id": 4, "name": "Downtown Chicken Pie", "value": "1Bll-1-201-aaa"}]|
3|Apple Pie  |[{"id": 5, "name": "Apple Pie", "value": "1All-1-1000-xzp"}]          |

Step 3: Run an SQL query

SELECT name, jsonb_agg(t->'name') AS brand, jsonb_agg(t->'value') AS code 
FROM products, jsonb_array_elements(products.product) t GROUP BY name; 

The results

name       |brand                   |code               |
Apple Pie  |["Apple Pie"]           |["1All-1-1000-xzp"]|
Orange bod |["Orange Gala"]         |["1Bll-1-99-aaa"]  |
Chicken Pie|["Downtown Chicken Pie"]|["1Bll-1-201-aaa"] |

Another method is to include a WHERE clause as shown below;

SELECT name, jsonb_agg(t->'name') AS brand, jsonb_agg(t->'value') AS code 
FROM products, jsonb_array_elements(products.product) t
WHERE t->>'name'='Orange Gala'

I hope this simple example will benefit you. 

Friday, January 22, 2021

SQL to replace username field with user id

The scenario is, a table called assets was loaded through a script, but the column updated_by which should contain the user id, is stored with the user name instead. How to replace the updated_by field with the user id?

Here is an example of the table structure;

assets(id, name, description, updated_by)

users(id, name)


Through the SQL command;

UPDATE assets t2

SET    updated_by =

FROM   users t1

WHERE  t2.updated_by = t1.user_id;

Wednesday, January 13, 2021

How to install Docker ReportServer Community

 ReportServer for Community is a Java based application that is available through Docker. There are options to install manually but some knowledge on Tomcat and Java is required.

The Docker (version 20.10.1) option installs on an image with Debian release 10 (Buster) with ReportServer version 3.3.0. 

The ReportServer for community image is available at


  • Installed Docker version 20+
  • You have create an account with docker and Docker is running with your signin.

On Windows, open powershell and go to your install folder. In my case its C:\users\tboxmy

Retrieve from the server required image

docker pull bitnami/reportserver

Yet to know if this line was useful, as I did not run docker-compose up -d

curl > docker-compose.yml

Configure network and database

docker network create reportserver-tier

docker run -d --name mariadb -e ALLOW_EMPTY_PASSWORD=yes -e MARIADB_USER=bn_reportserver -e MARIADB_DATABASE=bitnami_reportserver --net reportserver-tier --volume C:\Users\nasbo\mariadb-persistence:/bitnami bitnami/mariadb:latest

List the images

docker images

Start ReportServer

docker run -d --name reportserver-community -p 80:8080 -e ALLOW_EMPTY_PASSWORD=yes -e REPORTSERVER_DATABASE_USER=bn_reportserver -e REPORTSERVER_DATABASE_NAME=bitnami_reportserver --net reportserver-tier bitnami/reportserver:latest

Access ReportServer from a web browser


Use default username user and password as bitnami

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