Wednesday, December 20, 2017

Install Linux on Samsung NP150 Plus netbook - Part 1

Installation of Linux Mint 18.3 (Sylvia) Xfce 64-bit on Samsung NP150 Plus netbook. This is how I installed a dual boot of Linux Mint 18 on existing MS Windows 10 Home (Upgraded from MS Windows 7 Starter).

This little netbook runs on  1.66-GHz Intel Atom N450 processor with 1Gb of RAM and an x64-based processor. I am giving it a shot to see if its possible to install Mint and usability as a school student's laptop. Linux Mint is a project spun off from Ubuntu with a large library of applications. Version 18.3 is based on Linux kernel 4.4 with Ubuntu package on 16.04 and will receive security updates until 2021. Xfce is an open source software to provide a light weight desktop for low processor computers. See Whats new for more details.

Linux Mint Xfce vs (Cinnamon

Minimum requirement:
9Gb (20Gb) Disk space
1024x767 resolution (lower resolution require press Alt drag windows with mouse to fit monitor)
512Mb (2Gb) RAM

Linux Mint 18.3 with Xfce desktop


Linux Mint can be downloaded from Download then create a bootable Linux Mint on the USB disk. I used Rufus version 2.18.1213 (See error below when using Win32diskimager version 1.0.1) to extract the ISO file into the USB disk. File system on Rufus MUST be set to FAT (Default) with cluster size 64 kilobytes (Default).

(A) This netbook comes with MS Windows 10 Home Windows 7 Starter and a small capacity hard disk. Firstly create free space by using the apps in MS Windows.
  1. Open MS Windows Explorer. Right click "This PC" -> Manage.
  2. Choose Storage ->Disk Management
  3. Choose the unused disk partition and resize to 50Gb of free space. More would be better.
Choose "Manage" to access the Partition tools.

On some disk, it will need to "optimise disk" to reclaim more free space.

(B) Boot from USB disk
  1. Shutdown netbook. Plugin the Mint on USB disk into the netbook. 
  2. Boot netbook and press F2 to enter BIOS 
  3. Choose to boot USB HDD before the AHCI HDD
  4. Save and reboot.
Samsung N150 Plus BIOS screen to boot from USB Disk.

Note: Win32diskimager 1.0.0 to create USB Disk.
The Linux Mint boot up screen appears at first boot but ended up with following message.

32-bit relocation outside of kernel!
-- System halted

This is solved by formating the USB disk as FAT, then run Win32diskimager.

Note: Hangs after boot screen. 
Reboot then at the Linux mint boot screen, Choose first option "Linux Mint" and press TAB. Remove the text "quick splash" and press Enter. This reveals the error;

Uncompression Error
-- System halted

This is resolved by using a larger capacity USB disk. Initially it was a 2Gb USB stick then changed to a 4 Gb USB disk.

Its booting! Will continue with further post next time.

Linux Mint 18.3 Installed on N150 Plus

For now, the partition table plan as follows;

/  -  20000MB
swap  -  2
/home  -  Remainder space

Friday, November 17, 2017

What's new in Firefox Quantum (screens)

Firefox 57, also known as Quantum is a major upgrade for Firefox web browser. Here are initial screens of this new web browser compared to previous version of Firefox 56.

Tools menu




Speedtest Ranking

Friday, November 10, 2017

Laravel and using custom CSS file

Laravel 5 supports CSS and JavaScript preprocessors through Elixir and Gulp. Elixir is a node.js tool that helps gulp in the use of less, sass and coffee methods. Gulp assist programmers by automating repeated task like copying files, testing, minify codes.

If all that sounds confusing, dig deeper and you will find that Laravel framework assist developers to build and test application faster through tools like Elixir and Gulp.

There will be cases where an existing and proven CSS file should be used within a Laravel 5 project. In this example, there is a CSS file name beautiful.css that provides a box when used in the DIV CLASS code of the php application as shown below;

<DIV class="beautiful-tip">
 <P>Hello World</P>

We will use an existing working Laravel 5 application that is installed at the folder named <project>. In the gulpfile.js, the mix.sass contains 'app.scss' where instructions to use the CSS will be recorded.

Step 1: Copy the CSS file to Project's node_modules folder

Create the folder "example" in <project>/node_modules
Copy beautiful.css into the folder <project>/node_modules/example and make sure the folder and its contents are readable by the web server service.

Step 2: Include the CSS file when gulp compiles SASS files.

Edit <project>/resources/assets/sass/app.scss

At the last row, add the command (name of CSS file without its extension) and save.
@import "node_modules/example/beautiful";

Step 3: Run gulp.

At a command prompt in the project folder, type
# gulp


Friday, November 3, 2017

Can anyone use OSS in their product?

Use of open source (OSS) licensed software have gained widespread acceptance. Its no longer just for hobbyist and academic studies. R&D takes place much rapidly with these open knowledge available to masses but its very different from just copying the software when corporations and industry adopts OSS in their product.

Ever wonder why anyone would allow their codes formed from sweat and sleepless nights to be made available to everyone? Broadcom for example, provide their source codes and its become such a powerful references. Something to ponder, but lots of articles are around to help one understand.

If you intend to use OSS as part of a product that is sold (not the services) or distributed freely, there is the GPL and LGPL type of licensing type of OSS. A brief if not too broad explanation on the differences.

Products bundled with GPL type licensed OSS components and codes must distribute with the source code made available to the product recipient. Lets say, you develop a smart desktop suite called P99SmartDS that incorporates modified Mozilla Thunderbird to handle smtp and pop messaging to the desktop. Thunderbird expects you to ship the P99SmartDS with working source code and be licensed not more restrictive than that GPL licensed.

Products bundled with LGPL type licensed OSS component and codes must distribute with the license and library of that specific OSS component. Lets say, you develop a wireless driver interface and application to simplify configuration and its using a LGPL licensed OSS library. This application does not have to be OSS licensed.

Selling a product base on OSS is not just about submitting bugs or chats in forums. It sharing of knowledge gain via successful products. The OSS licensed is the guardian to ensure continuity of the freedom of choices and knowledge. Play your part to safe guard this freedom.

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Laravel 5 and OpenSSL

Notes on updating Apache 2.4, Laravel 5.5 with PHP 5, to PHP 7.1. 

Currently, the openssl key on my Apache server is serving encryption with AES 128. Information here is for development server environment only.

Default new Laravel applications are generated with use of encryption key type AES 256 as found in <Laravelproject>/config/app.php

The cipher key in app.php can be changed, or just generate the new required AES 256 keys.

Steps to generate the OpenSSL public and private keys;

$ openssl genrsa -aes256 -out mysitename.key 2048
$ openssl rsa -in mysitename.key -out mysitename-decrypted.key
$ openssl req -x509 -nodes -new -sha256 -key mysitename-decrypted.key -out mysitename.crt

When restarting Apache on MS Windows 10, this error appears.
"Init: SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin is not supported on Win32"

Solution is to remove the pass phrase in private key (See). In this example, the public and private ssl certs are both stored in <Apache directory>/conf/ssl/
Step 1:
Copy private key mysitename.key to secure.key

Step 2: Remove pass phrase from private key in use.
In CLI of the folder for ssl type

$ openssl rsa -in secure.key -out mysitename.key

Step 3: Open <Apache directory>/conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf and comment out the line
# SSLPassPhraseDialog  builtin

Step 4: Restart Apache

In the event the following error appears, it means the openssl module is not loaded. Find another compatible Apache server to be installed that can load the openssl in directory extension.

PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library
Undefined method openssl_cipher_iv_length( )

Laravel non-existent script error

Recently updated to PHP 7.1 and all the existing PHP projects are working fine.

However, this error appeared when I am trying to create a new Laravel 5 project,

You made a reference to a non-existent script @php -r "file_exists('.env') || copy('.env.example', '.env');"
Loading composer repositories with package information
. . .

You made a reference to a non-existent script @php artisan key:generate

Lets fix this in one step;

Step 1: Update the composer,

$ composer self-update

Updating to version 1.5.2 (stable channel).
    Downloading: 100%
Use composer self-update --rollback to return to version 1.2.2

Run the command used to create the new project,

$ composer create-project laravel/laravel myapps

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

Android AlertDialog

How to display a delete confirmation box?

A simple method is to use AlertDialog that quickly provides the "CANCEL" and "OK" along with your custom confirmation message.

An example within a Fragment class where a user click's the Delete button which calls the deleteConfirmation( ) function with the title or name of item to be delete.

1:  private void deleteConfirmation(String title){  
2:    AlertDialog.Builder alert = new AlertDialog.Builder(getContext());  
3:    alert.setTitle("Delete");  // Declare the title
4:    alert.setMessage("Are you sure you want to delete \n"+title+"?");  // Set message below title
5:    alert.setIcon(R.mipmap.ic_delete);  // Set the icon at top left
6:    alert.setPositiveButton(android.R.string.yes, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {  
7:      public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {  
8:        // continue with delete  
9:        MainActivity.confirmDelete=true;  
10:        delete();  
11:      }  
12:    });  
13:    alert.setNegativeButton(, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {  
14:      public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {  
15:        // close dialog  
16:      }  
17:    });  
18:    MainActivity.confirmDelete=false;  
20:  }  

Note 1:
The Dialog class is the base class to AlertDialog that makes the user take an action before returning back to the Fragment or Activity. This is known as a Modal Event. Other example of Dialog class are DatePickerDialog and TimePickerDialog.

If used for Android API 25 and onward, the import statement is


for API 11 to below API 25 use


Note 2:
There are 3 type of buttons that can be added (in the example above, only 2 are added) to an AlertDialog. Only one of each type can be added using the following methods;


List can be added to AlertDialog if required.

Note 3:
There are several ways to pass message or status to the Activity or Fragment that created/launched the AlertDialog. In the example above, a static variable is declared in the MainActivity and values are changed base on button clicked.


public static boolean confirmDelete=false;

Note 4:
To further customise the AlertDialog look, a resource file (XML) can be created and assigned with the method

LayoutInflater inflater = getActivity().getLayoutInflater();
alert.setView( inflater.inflate(R.layout.customDialog, null) )


Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Raspberry Pi Workshop 2017 (Java)

Java is still very much alive today despite the many new programming languages sprouting. This portable language provides programming solution for a wide variety of computer systems including embedded devices.
As for the Raspberry Pi, the most common operating system being in use is Raspbian which comes default with Java installed. The Raspberry Pi provides a physical extension that connect to sensors and other electrical components. There are 2 most common Java libraries being used to accessed these extensions. Each having their own strengths.

In Malaysia, organisations can accelerate their learning path in this area through a 1 day fully hands-on comprehensive workshop. Details can be found the SHOP section of Harmony Shades or leave a message with details of your interest.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

MySQL Console Pops Up Unexpectedly

MySQL database server provides an easy to implement and uses ANSI SQL syntax with wide implementation for many programming platforms. It is still open source licensed for the Community Edition as GPL (see details at

Current versions of MySQL Community Edition is available on Red Hat 6+, Centos 6+ and MS Window 10, for following versions;

  • MySQL 5.6 GA on 5.2.2013
  • MySQL 5.7 GA on 21.10.2015

Both versions are known to support current SQL standards, being SQL:2008.

Since using MySQL Community Edition version 5.6.21, something strange has been happening every midnight. A DOS like prompt pops up and very quickly does "something", which does NOT really allow me the time to read the messages and then it goes away (disappears). On one occasion I managed to capture that screen as the database it was trying to reach was not connected and here is how that screen looks like.

Apparently it was updating the MySQL catalogue, pretty harmless. The problem that I can see;
  • Takes up additional processing which is not good when I am running emulators or CPU intensive work
  • Distracts any on going work, such as when preparing documentation
  • Disrupts desktop on-going recordings
  • Disrupts benchmark operations

One could either disable the update process or assign it to another pre-defined time. On MS Windows 10, here are the steps to do either.

Step 1: Start MySQL Installer

Click the MS Windows Start and type; mysql installer
Click the Desktop App that appears. An upgrade my be required, proceed with the upgrade.

Step 2:  Edit Installer Options

In the installer option, click the Configure icon (Looks like a wrench).

  1. To disable the automatic catalog update; Uncheck "Should MySQL Installer update its catalog periodically?"
  2. To change the update time; Select a new time in "What time?" dropdown list.

Click Close.


Friday, July 14, 2017

Source code revision control with Git

Version control system is used to manage versions of files and is used widely with programming source codes. Common examples are SVN and Git.

Here is an example of the using GIT with Heroku (Working with GIT2). It demonstrates the git command for;
  • clone
  • branch
  • checkout
  • commit
  • status

Basic commands to manage a local version control repository

Typical process to prepare a folder where files are to be tracked/staged uses the commands init, status and add. It would be good to have created a folder with 4 or 5 files and try out the following commands.
 # Initialise Git repository   
  $ git init   
  # Identify status and which files are being track or untracked.   
  $ git status   
  # Add all files to the repository   
  $ git add .  
 # Identify files are being track as staged  
  $ git status   

At this time, a folder to manage the repository is created with the name ".git". Have a look at content of the files in this folder.

Filename: .git/HEAD
ref: refs/heads/master

Filename: .git/config
repositoryformatversion = 0
filemode = false
bare = false
logallrefupdates = true
symlinks = false
ignorecase = true
hideDotFiles = dotGitOnly

Filename: .git/description
Unnamed repository; edit this file 'description' to name the repository.

To remove a file from being tracked.
 # Remove a file from list of staged files  
 $ git rm --cached somefile.txt.  

Process to place files into the repository.
 # Commit files to repository  
 $ git commit -m "Place comments here"  
 $ git status  

Retrieve tracked file from the repository. The latest thats found in the repository, that is.
 # Checkout a file from the repository  
 $ git checkout programming.txt  
 $ git status  

Cache and other files that should not be kept in the repository or tracked, can be listed in a file ".gitignore" within that folder. Example to ignore the folder "temp" and file "nofile.txt".

Filename: .gitignore


Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Open Source Software Leads Growth of Deep Learning Community

Faster CPU and GPU computers have arrived and AI computing is becoming available to more people. Amazon and Google are already rolling out services that allow anyone access to the computational resources required for AI, in particular deep learning. I am looking forward at how this will be incorporated into the next gen of personal devices.

There are too many areas to discuss on this, but here I would like to mention that deep learning is catching up fast on the open source software (OSS) environment.

GPU deep learning with NVIDIA provides a good start. They even have a whole section devoted to deep learning;

A quick guide on deep learning is available at Deep Learning Introduction.

Thursday, June 1, 2017

The Day British Airways System Crashed in 2017

Waiting to hear the cause of it. How difficult is it to start up the back up process?


Pentaho 7 Community Edition

Summary of their licenses.

With big data and increase interest in business intelligence, there seems to be many software out there to suit all your needs. As for OSS licensed, the name Pentaho have been around for a long time. Here is a little note on their licensing.

Pentaho Business Analytics Platform 2, Pentaho Reporting Engine and Pentaho Report Designer are licensed as GPL v2.

Pentaho Data Integration or Kettle is license as Apache version 2.0. Details are found at  their wiki.

There is an interesting and comforting public post on Kettle license at Pentaho Forum with regards to Pentaho licensing.

Community Edition

Pentaho 7.1 is currently available but there is still the community edition, and my notes on Howto install is available only for the Linux server.

The additional known components that enterprise have and community edition doesn't is the self service designer dashboard and interactive reporting. Still searching for comparison of the community edition and other BI tools in the market.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Mouse Cursor Disappear in Chrome Web Browser

Google Chrome is among the web browsers that I use frequently on MS Windows 10. Chrome provide many standard web browser features, security and option to extend its capability via plugin extensions. Work productivity goes up a notch when many application windows are launched to run concurrently. The monitor screen is big enough to allow re-positioning of the windows, overlapping windows and minimizing of windows.

On 20th April (today), the mouse cursor disappears when its moved over the Chrome window. It appears back when the cursor is moved outside of the Chrome window area. Moving the cursor again on Chrome window area, its noticeable that an invisible cursor is moving as hyperlinks light up, menu and buttons get active and the standard windows minimise and maximise buttons can be accessed.

A quick search on the internet shows that this problem have occurred way back in June 2014. Its almost the same thing, and issue only started after a MS Windows update that had occurred the day before. Yes, there was a Windows 10 updated yesterday.

Solution is to disable the Hardware Acceleration in Chrome. Here is how to get that cute cursor back on Chrome.

Step 1: Open Chrome web browser (if its not already open).

Step 2: Click "Customise and control Google Chrome" or the "3 vertical dots" button. Its usually at same row as the URL bar. Choose "Settings", scroll down and click "Show advanced settings...".

In the section "System" uncheck Use hardware acceleration when available. Close Chrome and launch Chrome or restart Chrome.

I have not found out if its due to MS Windows change in its settings or Chrome settings changed. Maybe someone out there have an answer.

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Cloud storage for Linux PCs

Having your resume, project files, assignments and other documents stored on the internet cloud is now a much more acceptable norm. Previously there were fears on privacy of the files from the providers and governments, possibility of the account being hacked or just plain poor software and hardware to protect integrity of the documents.

As cloud storage gain acceptance, there are more options available. Among the popular storage are Dropbox, gDrive and ownCloud as listed here.

Compare Dropbox gDrive OwnCloud
Storage (FREE) 2GB. Offers available up to 16GB 15GB. Include Google accounts like Gmail. Unlimited, provide your own
Availability Integration with MS O365, OneLogin, 1Password, MS Azure, Xero.
available Offline
Pretty much everything works with Google and Google Realtime API.
Available offline
Not available offline
Features (General)
  • Accessible by main stream devices
  • Automatic updates
  • File sharing
  • Offline access
  • 256-bit AES encryption keys. 128-bit AES SSL/TLS encryption for files in transfer

  • Accessible by main stream devices
  • Automatic updates
  • File sharing
  • Offline access
  • File versioning
  • 128-bit AES encryption keys. 256-bit SSL/TLS encryption for files in transfer
Web based. 3rd party apps are available for wide variety of devices.

  • Open source licensed AGPLv3
  • File sharing
  • Comments and tagging
  • Versioning and undelete
  • Flexible external storage handling
  • Integration of anti-virus scanning

Its a matter of balancing your resources, needs and funding when deciding which services to take up.

Dropbox provide one of the most fancy looking and good security.

Google gDrive comes with a host of applications like Google Sheets, Docs, Presentation to open your documents on a PC and mobile devices. Truly any time, any where documents are available.

OwnCloud allows any individual and corporation to customise, design a security of their choosing and include branding with use of their own storage. With more controls, security exploits such as man-in-the-cloud attack can be avoided. Did I mention, you install the whole thing for FREE on your own (your ownCloud....get it)?

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Howto start Programming with Laravel

With the announcement Laravel 5.4 is released on 24.1.2017, a better PHP programming framework is now available. Here is how you can start programming with Laravel 5.

What is Laravel 5?

Its a PHP programming framework. Yes, you still need to know PHP programming. This framework allow quick creation of a CRUD application and connection to a database to store data. Lots of work have been done for you to complete standard task BUT it requires you to adhere certain styles and syntax. These you MUST learn in order to appreciate the power of Laravel framework and the learning curve is NOT steep.

From get more information on what is Laravel, browse examples and then install Laravel framework. Once installed, open a command line terminal to create a new project framework.

Laravel have a tool called artisan to do all the wonderful stuff of the framework. Here is an example to display Laravel version.

Getting help

The installed framework comes with its own description of its command tools. To access this, open a command line interface and type;

 $ php artisan --help  

or to display for a specific command

 $ php artisan help serve  
 $ php artisan help migrate  

List to find further help can be found at Laravel and Getting Help.

Monday, January 23, 2017

Copyright photography laws impeding civilization growth?

Did you know that you need permission and probably make a payment to take a picture of the light display at Eiffel Tower in France? As social media continue to grow, more people will post photos of their trip to the Eiffel Tower.

How can you LEGALLY share your photo of the Eiffel Tower at night? Its simple, you must gain permission from Societe d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel.

Tourist: mean I can't even share my holiday trip photos to my friends?

Tour guide: Sure you can. Take photos of Eiffel Tower in the daytime. You can publish a photo of Paris city scene where the Eiffel Tower appears. Those, you can share. Please be reminded, the same goes for Louvre's pyramid in Paris.

Tourist: I guess everyone's got to earn a living. Hope the artist gets some of the earnings from the copyright.

If its a private place like a home or a club, I can understand photography restrictions due to copyright issues. Soon tourist and business trip to these places would require you to wear special glasses to restrict vision of these copyrighted places. Kind of peculiar for people to soon think of no reproduction by camera, smart phone, drawing or even thinking about it copyright laws.

Are there other countries with similar copyright laws on photography of public places?

Its almost like being in a tyrannical state, right? but wait, because its widely implemented in Europe, groups have people have been working on changing these limiting laws. Currently, an exception to these copyright laws are being published on Wikipedia by Freedom of Panorama (FOP).

Learning through photo sharing experiences is so easy. To some, going to Paris might only be a reality through the Internet.

Friday, January 20, 2017

Raspberry Pi Programming - typical electric components

Raspberry Pi provides a great platform to learn programming and gain knowledge of basic electric components.

At this moment I am considering that the most basic projects for a newbie with no educational background in electrical or electronic engineering would cover;

  1. Basic of electric circuits and personal safety
  2. Use of battery, LED and resistors
  3. Buzzer and sensors
The Raspberry Pi would then be connected to turn on/off and detect state of the component. Basics of Python programming would be needed, see my previous post. This is going to be fun, but expect some parts to get fried along the way even with only 3volts.

Next couple of days will be used to sort out which components for upcoming basic projects.

Which components should I use?

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Python for kids

Every used Raspberry Pi and wanted to learn programming? It comes with a programming language called Python. You and any primary of secondary school going child can learn Python if they have access to the internet.

One such site is Learn Python

An online compiler is provider with the tutorials and is a great start. Put aside all those daunting and distracting stuff, like it being Python version 2 or 3 and just dive into the lesson.

You will emerge a very much better person after completing the lessons. Once you are done, pick up a Raspberry Pi project that uses Python and you are on the way to being in the Matrix. Examples of projects can be found at (link, link ) and

Friday, January 13, 2017

Howto reinstall Samsung Galaxy S5

The Samsung Galaxy S5 is a powerful phone and have lasted me over 2 years. Regular updates and the many different applications installed and removed does cause the storage to be bloated and its good option to clear everything and reinstall only the required apps after such a long time.

I will be doing a factory reset (wipe out all data on phone) then allowing the Galaxy S5 to restore last saved settings and finally restore application settings from Samsung Smart Switch (the PC software provided by Samsung). A USB cable is required to connect Galaxy S5 with the PC running the Smart Switch. Make sure the phone is detected when using the USB cable, else you may need to get another USB cable.

Backup all your data before proceeding. Copy your login information for Google, Samsung and other apps on a paper, if you need to.

Before we begin, there are 2 steps to be carried out;

Use the Backup and Restore.
From the phone, select the Settings (This usually looks like a gear when you pull down to display the menu from top of the screen) and choose Backup and Restore. Choose your backup and restore settings, including storing it on Google drive.

Backup other settings and apps to a PC or external storage as needed.

We will be using Samsung Switch, so go ahead and install this on a PC.  Start Smart Switch, plugin the Galaxy S5 phone to the PC via USB cable, then do backup of applications and other media that you require.

Here are steps taken to reinstall the smart phone from Samsung. Make sure the phone is fully charged BEFORE you start.

Step 1. FACTORY RESET (optional)
From the phone, select the Settings (This usually looks like a gear when you pull down to display the menu from top of the screen) and choose Backup and Restore. Then choose Factory Reset.

This may take a while as it will also reinstall default applications found on the phone.

Start the phone and follow the instructions to setup. I choose not restore all Apps from google but only the settings. Finish the setup with last steps that include confirmation of the phone name.

On the PC, start Smart Switch then plugin via USB the Galaxy S5 phone. If prompted to upgrade, accept and follow instructions provided. Strongly suggest that the CAUTION message displayed is followed to avoid wasted time on failed software update.

Smart Switch update software for Galaxy S5

Smart Switch CAUTION messages

You will need to disconnect the cable once its done. This will cause the phone to restart, wait a little bit as it flashes the text "SAMSUNG", then it will show "Android is upgrading" before the phone can resume as normal. For me, on the phone it mentioned optimizing app total of 284, and this restart process took just over 15minutes before I could get the login screen.

Start Smart Switch on the PC. Login to the phone and plug it to the PC using the USB cable.

Smart Switch should detect the phone, then clik on the Restore button and follow the instructions. Once restore is complete, disconnect he USB cable. On the phone, Check the Contact, calendar and other contents that is needed.

Find Lock a lost Samsung phone using a web browser.
Open a web browser and type location as and login with the Samsung account used with the phone. Here is a well documented site on ensuring that you enable basic actions that you can take when the phone is lost.

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